What Are The 10 Personality Disorders?

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Treating someone for a personality disorder can be very difficult because of the nature and severity of these disorders. Personality disorders (PDs) are forms of mental illness; some examples are Cluster A, Schizophrenia, or Bipolar Disorder.

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A person is diagnosed with a personality disorder if their social/interpersonal skills are abnormal to the extent that they create significant distress within themselves and/or others (generally family members, peers, etc.). Personality disorders tend not to be cured; however, there are treatments that may help reduce symptoms.

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Treatment often involves psychotherapy (a session between you and your “psychiatrist” discussing issues like childhood memories/trauma), behavior modification (positive reinforcement when you exhibit appropriate behavior), medications & support groups (for you & your loved ones).

The 10 personality disorders are:

1. Antisocial Personality Disorder: characterized by a disregard for the rights of others, a lack of empathy, and/or manipulation or exploitation of others. People with this disorder often engage in criminal behavior and can be very difficult to treat.

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2. Borderline Personality Disorder: characterized by unstable moods, relationships, and self-image. People with this disorder may experience intense emotions and have difficulty regulating their behavior.

3. Histrionic Personality Disorder: characterized by excessive emotionality and attention seeking behavior. People with this disorder often have shallow relationships and use sex and seduction to get what they want from others.

4. Narcissistic Personality Disorder: characterized by a grandiose sense of self-importance, a need for admiration, and a lack of empathy. People with this disorder often have an excessive need for approval and may be very manipulative.

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5. Avoidant Personality Disorder: characterized by feelings of social inadequacy and extreme sensitivity to criticism. People with this disorder often avoid social situations and have difficulty forming relationships.

6. Dependent Personality Disorder: characterized by a strong need to be taken care of and reliance on others to make decisions. People with this disorder often feel helpless and powerless without someone else’s help.

7. Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder: characterized by perfectionism, inflexibility, and excessive attention to detail. People with this disorder often have difficulty completing tasks and may be very controlling and stubborn.

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8. Paranoid Personality Disorder: characterized by a distrust of others, suspicion, and paranoia. People with this disorder often believe that others are out to get them and may exhibit odd behaviors or rituals.

9. Schizoid Personality Disorder: characterized by a lack of interest in social relationships and detachment from emotions. People with this disorder often appear indifferent to the world around them and can be very introverted.

10. Schizotypal Personality Disorder: characterized by eccentric behavior, “magical” thinking, and distorted perceptions of reality. People with this disorder may have difficulty distinguishing between reality and fantasy and often experience delusions or hallucinations.

Remember That Someone Can Help

It is important to remember that people with personality disorders are not bad people. They are suffering from a mental illness that affects their thoughts, emotions, and behavior. With treatment, many people with PDs are able to lead happy and productive lives. If you think you or a loved one may have a personality disorder, please seek professional help.

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Sources:

https://www.verywellmind.com/what-is-a-personality-disorder-279495

https://psychcentral.com/lib/10-most-common-personality-disorders/0010719

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001924/

https://www.healthline.com/health/mental-health/personality-disorders#Overview1

https://psychcentral.com/lib/10-most-common-personality-disorders/0010719

http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/918523-overview#a6

https://psychcentral.com/lib/10-most-common-personality-disorders/0010719%20(2) Original author: Lavonne Robinson, MSN, RN, APN, CNOR Copyright ©2018 By Lavonne Robinson –  All rights reserved. Article may not be reproduced without permission of the author (withdrawn).

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